NUTRITION AND HEALTH RELATION | 6 Essential Nutrients

nutrion and health

NUTRITION AND HEALTH RELATION | 6 Essential Nutrients You need Everyday

Nutrition and diet choice form a logical starting point for preventive health care measures and education
to improve quality of life.

Achieving wellbeing that coordinates body, psyche, and soul ought to be the primary objective throughout everyday life. This can be refined through various life changes, for example, focusing on healthy food choices, not smoking, participating in regular physical activity, and maintaining a healthy weight.  Living a long without major health problems is possible.

NUTRIENTS AND THEIR FUNCTIONS:

To maintain health and to function properly our body must be provided with nutrients. Nutrients are chemical substances that are necessary for life. They are divided into six classes:

  • {  Carbohydrates (CHO)
  • { Fats (lipids)
  • { Proteins
  • { Vitamins
  • { Minerals
  • { Water

The six nutrient classes are chemically divided into two categories:

1:Organic – Organic nutrients contain hydrogen, oxygen, and carbon. (Carbon is an element found in all living things.) Before the body can use organic nutrients, it must break them down into their smallest components.

2:  inorganic- These nutrients are already in their simplest forms when the body ingests them, except for water.

The Six Essential Nutrients and Their Functions:

Carbohydrates (CHO), proteins, and fats (lipids) furnish energy. Proteins are also used to build and repair body tissues with the help of vitamins and minerals. Vitamins, minerals, and water help regulate the various body
processes such as circulation, respiration, digestion, and elimination.

Each nutrient is important but none works alone. For example, carbohydrates, proteins, and fats are necessary for energy, but to provide it, they need
the help of vitamins, minerals, and water. Proteins are essential for building and repairing body tissue, but without vitamins, minerals, and water, they are ineffective.

Foods that contain substantial amounts of nutrients are described as nutritious or nourishing.

  • Carbohydrates (CHO):
    the nutrient class providing the major
    source of energy in the average diet
  •  Proteins:
    the only one of the six essential nutrient
    classes containing nitrogen
  •  Fats (lipids):
    highest calorie-value nutrient class
  • Vitamins:
    organic substances necessary for life
    although they do not, independently,
    provide energy
  • Minerals:
    one of many inorganic substances essential
    to life and classified generally as minerals
  •  Water:
    the major constituent of all living cells;
    & composed of hydrogen and oxygen

Characteristics of Nutritional Status:

One’s physical condition as determined by the diet is called nutritional status. It is divided into good and poor.

Good Nutritional Status- Good nutrition enhances the appearance and is commonly exemplified by
shiny hair, clear skin, clear eyes, erect posture, alert expressions, and firm flesh on well-developed bone structures. Good nutrition aids emotional adjustments provides stamina and promotes a healthy appetite. It also helps establish regular sleep.

Poor Nutritional Status- Poor nutritional status includes dullness, anxiety, Slumped posture , Apathy, red puffy, receding gums or cavity-prone teeth, Excessive or poor appetite, Easily irritated depressed & poor attention span, Insomnia at night, Overweight or underweight.

CUMULATIVE EFFECTS OF NUTRITION:

Cumulative effects are the results of something that is done repeatedly over many years. For example, eating excessive amounts of saturated fats for many years contributes to atherosclerosis, which leads to heart attacks. There is an increasing concern among health professionals regarding the cumulative effects of nutrition.

Deficiency Diseases:

These are the diseases caused by the lack of one or more specific nutrients. When nutrients are seriously lacking in the diet for an extended period, deficiency diseases can occur. They include:

  • Iron deficiency- intake of iron is adequate, but the body has no extra iron stored. Iron deficiency is particularly common among children and women. Iron is a necessary component of the blood and is lost during each menstrual period. In addition, the amount of iron needed during childhood and pregnancy is greater than normal because of the growth of the fetus.
  • Osteomalacia- It is a condition in which bones become soft, usually in adults because of calcium loss and vitamin D deficiency. Osteomalacia is sometimes called “adult rickets.”
  • Rickets- It is a deficiency disease caused by the lack of vitamin D; causes malformed bones and pain in infants and children.
  • Osteoporosis- It is a condition in which bones become brittle because there have been insufficient mineral deposits, especially calcium.
  • Goiter-enlargement of tissue of the thyroid gland due to a deficiency of iodine is term as goiter.

KEY POINTS:

  • Nutrition is directly related to health & its effects are cumulative. Good nutrition is normally reflected by good health. Poor nutrition results in poor health and ultimately cause diseases.
  • To be well-nourished and to maintain health one must eat foods that contain the six essential nutrients: carbohydrates, fats, proteins, minerals, vitamins, and water. These nutrients provide energy, build and repair body tissue, and regulate body processes.
  • When there is a severe lack of specific nutrients in the body the deficiency diseases may develop.

Related Articles:Serving Size And Portion Size | What Is A Serving Size | How Much Is One Serving


Helthwell: To maintain good health keep sure you make a healthy approach regarding physical, mental and your own well-being.


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Author: Dua Zehra

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